Ebola Virus Diseases (EVD) which is also known as Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever (EHF) is a disease of human and other primitives which is caused by Ebola virus. Until a few days ago this disease was limited to the African countries and tropical regions of sub-Saharan Africa but recently the first case of Ebola virus was diagnosed in the US. The patient had recently travelled from Liberia to the USA and had his first symptoms within two to three days after his arrival. Health officials are trying to trace the people he has had contact with in the past few days so as to control the spread of this disease and they are positive that this would not spread further. The symptoms of this virus start to show as a typical case of influenza which progresses to fever, fatigue, joint, muscle, abdominal pains and headaches. No proper treatment has yet been found for this disease. But it is my social responsibility to spread as much awareness regarding the symptoms, precautions and treatment of this virus as possible.
How Ebola virus spread? Know to avoid it
It is very important to understand how the disease is spread in order to avoid it.
- Common source of spreading of this disease is by direct contact with the deceased Ebola patient. Hence the best way to prevent getting infected is by remaining as far from the patient as possible. Even the bodies of the dead who died from this disease and their waste is a source by which it can spread hence it is crucial to handle them with care. Researchers have found that eating wild bush meat can also because Ebola virus disease hence one must avoid it. Saudi Arabia imports many animals from African countries during Hajj time for sacrifice. There are many chances that these animals are affected by this extremely dangerous disease. Avoid excessively going to slaughter houses or at the place where these animals are for your safety.
- One must avoid the areas where the disease has been reported such as Central and West Africa. If you happen to be there then the best way to avoid it is by refraining from going to healthcare facilities as that is the most common source of spreading of this disease.
- It is primarily spread through direct contact with the patient or the secretions (saliva, blood, and waste), using the same needles and bedding as the patient.
Symptoms of Ebola Virus
- It is important to recognize the symptoms of Ebola. Symptoms usually appear anywhere between 48 hours to 3 weeks. Most common symptoms are fever, headache, weakness, diarrhea, vomiting, joint and muscle pain, lack of appetite and stomach pain. Rash, sorethroat, chest pain, cough, hiccups are among the rare symptoms.
- If you’re around a patient, it is recommended to use disposable gowns, masks, gloves and goggles. Never re-use needles used on patients and also discard the bedding and clothes of the patient.
Treatment if diagnosed
- It is difficult to diagnose Ebola disease with symptoms as they are fairly general but if you suspect any of the symptoms, you should consult a doctor immediately. IgM ELISA, Virus isolation, Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Antigen-capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) testing are the diagnostic tests that may be performed. One of the most uncomfortable symptoms is severe diarrhea and nausea hence it is very important to keep your electrolytes up and use sports drinks or IV in severe cases.
- Keep a check on your blood pressure and control it
- It also causes difficulty in breathing and chest pain hence one must breathe in an oxygen rich environment
- It is important to address the symptoms of this infection and get yourself checked
- Rest is very important to stay stable
- Keep abreast of treatment options
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