Muslims have been performing circumcision on religious grounds for Hundreds of Years. This process became popular in many Non-Muslim countries in 19th Century. In Non-Muslim countries the act of male circumcision was welcomed on medical and not on religious grounds, as medical scientists believed that it helps in better hygiene and prevention from sexually transmitted diseases STDs. When a baby boy takes birth in this world he has a covering of delicate skin that is usually called as foreskin, this foreskin covers the tip of the male organ. In the due process of circumcision the foreskin is removed through a minor surgical exercise and tip of male organ is exposed. Medical scientists have made researches across the globe, different areas/countries were targeted for trials, researches were made in different time periods and male of different ages were included and the results showed that circumcision reduces transmission of diseases and guarantees better health in many ways.
Circumcision and STDs: Conclusive researches lead to believe that the foreskin of male organ is an easy prey for to HIV infection. This delicate skin provides the virus of HIV an easy entrance in the human body during intercourse. So removal of this skin means removal of usual passage of entrance of HIV in human body. There are many reasons to believe the above speculation. The foreskin is very delicate in nature and can easily absorb liquids during intercourse and these liquids are likely to cause swelling which may result in spreading HIV. Secondly concentration of cells which are easily affected by HIV is higher in the foreskin compared with any other part of the male reproductive organ. Fluids infected by HIV are stored by foreskin and can remain there even after the intercourse. Facts and figures showed that the societies doing male circumcision traditionally are having their men less infected by HIV resultantly HIV is less common in those populations. To make it sure whether circumcision lowers the transmission of HIV or other factors related to behavior also play a vital role, scientists conducted some trials in different areas.
11054 men in total were included in three trials and the trials were conducted in Kenya, South Africa and Uganda. These men were not circumcised before involved in trials and were randomly divided in to two groups. One group was circumcised and foreskins got removed at the beginning of trial and other group was left uncircumcised. All the participants of both the groups were given a detailed sessions about how to be protected from HIV and what could be the identical techniques to reduce the risk of transmission of HIV virus. It is important to note that collection of details about their behavior revealed the fact that no significant differences were there among both the groups. The trials continued till 2006 December and they provided conclusive evidence that circumcision trims down the chances of HIV infection. It is also important that the process shall be completed in a standard medical environment. These studies showed that circumcision gives a decrease of 60% in the risk of HIV infection.
Recommendation by WHO and UNAIDS: In result of the findings obtained by above mentioned trials a panel of experts organized by World Health organization (WHO) and the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) declared that the effectiveness of circumcision in reduction of HIV transmission is proved and there is no reasonable doubt to deny it. Both the mentioned institutions added circumcision as an effective tool in strategies obtained for prevention of HIV. It is said that one in five HIV transmissions can be prevented by medical circumcision. We take example of Zimbabwe where just in two weeks after the recommendation of the above mentioned institutions 700 men requested for the circumcision.
It is also important to note that circumcision is not the only way to avoid HIV and other STDs. Healthy and modest behavior towards physical relationship is also needed to be safe. Islam is a complete code of life that guides the human beings in each and every moment of their lives. Islam encourages marriages and advices human beings to refrain the ways leading to adultery. This is the reason that Muslim countries are among the least HIV prevailing countries. Those who keep themselves restricted to their life partners and refrain from random physical relationships are likely to be safe from HIV and other STDs.
Saudi Arabia and HIV: According to a detailed report published by UNAIDS in March 2014 about prevalence of HIV in different countries, Saudi Arabia is the least prevalence country till date. Surveys and studies made at different times show that the ratio of HIV infection is approximately 1.5 per 100,000 Saudis. It is also understood that HIV does not transmit only because of a physical relationship rather a used syringe, a blood transfusion, organ transplantation etc can also lead to the transmission of HIV. This is the blessing of strict Islamic Laws prevailing in Saudi Arabia.
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