Chichen Itza is one of the archaeological zones in Mexico which date back to the pre-Hispanic era. The zone is located in the eastern region of the Yucatan state and it serves the country being its pride and joy. Other than being a UNESCO World Heritage Site, this archeological wonder is also included in the Seven Wonders of the World. The structures of Chichen Itza are deeply rooted in history, and it serves as a perfect spot of fans and followers of History. Before the Spanish arrived in the area, it is believed that the area was a hustling bustling city center, however it cannot be said with absolute certainty whether the Mayans actually lived here or somewhere close by. Below we have compiled a short list of facts to help you better understand the culture, history and geography of the wonder of the world.
Interesting Facts about Chichen Itza
- The site is built in the Yucatan state in Mexico.
- It was originally built in 600 A.D. by the Mayan civilization.
- According to some of the Mayan books, which include the Book of Chilam Bilam of Chumayel, Hunac Ceel who was the ruler of Mayapan, captured Chichen Itza around the 13th century.
- Archaeological evidence collected from the area suggests that Chichen Itza was once ransacked and looted.
- The El Castillo, which is a structure in the region of Chichen Itza, experiences a strange phenomenon every year, during the spring equinox time. The sunrays which fall on the pyramid create a shadow on its stairs, which looks like a serpent descending the steps.
- Another structure in the area which is known as Juego de Pelota, in Chichen Itza, is the largest ball court to be ever built in Mesoamerica. The measurements are 70 meters in width and 168 meters in length.
- A large sinkhole also exists in the area, which is called Cenote Sagrado. It measure 60 meters in diameter.
- There is also an observatory in Chichen Itza which is called the Caracol Observatorio. This is quite sophisticated for the time it was built in; the structure also allows us to fully observe the magnificent structures left behind by the Mayans.
- There is also a church located in Chichen Itza, which is known as La Iglesia. The church has been built out of stands and stone and also bears images of Chaac, who is the Rain God in Mayan culture.
- The Pyramid of Kulkulcan is another mysterious and interesting building which can be found in the Chichen Itza. The bottom of the staircase of the Pyramids is all marked with images of serpent heads.
- It is reported that more than 1.2 million tourists visit Chichen Itza every year. The site is open for public between 8 am to 5 pm and admission is free on Sundays.
- The Chichen Itza is one of the few archaeological sites which are being preserved and maintained by the National Institute of Anthropology and History, Mexico.
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