Friday, August 28, 2015

Who are the Third World Countries around the Globe?

The term third world country came into existence during the Cold War. It was used to describe those countries which were neither aligned with the West nor the East. Few examples include developing countries of Africa, Asia, Latin America and Oceania. Today, when someone uses these word third world countries, he uses it to denote a country with poor infrastructure, education and health conditions. Does it mean that developed countries should not be called a third world country? We have tried to enlighten this issue below.

Third world counties in terms of political rights and civil liberties 
  • These are the countries with the worst possible records of political rights and civil liberties. Within these countries and territories, state control over the daily affairs is pervasive. Organizations opposing the government or promoting freedom of speech in any way are banned or discouraged.
  • According to the freedom house report, 'Freedom in the world 2007,' 8 countries are said to have such records.
  • Burma (Myanmar), Cuba, Libya, North Korea, Somalia, Sudan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan are in the list. Moreover, adding to the list above, there are two more territories that are Chechnya (Russian Federation) and Tibet. These states are declared to have suffered the worst of circumstances and hence were given the lowest rankings by the UN.
  • Furthermore, the report included 9 more countries which were at the bottom of the freedom house's list of the most repressive countries.
  • These were Belarus, China, Cote d'loire, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea,  Laos, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Zimbabwe and the territory of Western Sahara. (most of which is controlled by Morocco) 

Third world countries in terms of their Gross National Income (GNI)
  • These are the countries with the least gross national incomes based on their Purchasing Power Parities (PPP) per capita in Dollars. 
  • A simplified GNI as per the PPP is the average income of a citizen of a particular country. For instance, the average US citizen spends $114 per day. Below are countries with an average yearly income per capita under $1000.
  • Per capita income of Saudi Arabia, India and Pakistan are $54,000, $5,350 and $4,840/- as per World Bank 2013 report.

Per Capita Income

 Congo, Dem. Rep.

Third world countries in terms of their Human Development Index (HDI)
Human Development Index is the measure of the living standards of people based on certain factors that are:
  • Life expectancy at birth: Number of years an infant is expected to live considering that the prevailing pattern of age-specific mortality rates at the time of the birth tats the same throughout the infant's life 
  • Mean years of schooling: It is the average number of years a person have been enrolled for education. They are measured for people aged 25
  • Expected years of schooling: These are the number of years of schooling that a newly enrolled child is expected to receive considering that the prevailing patterns of age-specific enrolment rates persist throughout the child's life
  • GNI per capita: This is the aggregate income generated by an economy through the factors of production under its ownership and control less the incomes paid abroad
  • GNI per capita rank minus HDI rank: It is the difference in rankings between GNI per capita and HDI
  • Non-Income HDI: It is the value of HDI computed from life expectancy and education indicators only

Solomon Islands, Kenya, São Tomé and Príncipe, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Timor-Leste, Angola, Myanmar, Cameroon, Madagascar, Tanzania, Papua New Guinea, Yemen, Senegal, Nigeria, Nepal, Haiti, Mauritania, Lesotho
Uganda, Togo, Comoros, Zambia, Djibouti, Rwanda, Benin, Gambia, Sudan, Côte d'Ivoire, Malawi, Afghanistan, Zimbabwe, Ethiopia, Mali, Guinea-Bissau, Eritrea, Guinea, Central African Rep., Sierra Leone, Burkina Faso, Liberia, Chad, Mozambique, Burundi and Niger Congo are the countries with Low Human Development.

Third world countries in terms of Development
Least developed counties (LDCs) are those that are identified by the UN under-developed through certain factors that are:
low GNI per capita
weak human assets
poor financial conditions

The list includes 50 countries that are 34 African counties, 10 Asian Countries, 5 Pacific Island Nation and 1 Caribbean nation. Angola, Benin, Burkina, Faso, Burundi, Cape Verde, Chad, Comoros, Congo,, Dem. Rep. of the      Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar       , Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Niger, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, , Senega, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan   , Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, Lao PDR, Maldives, , Myanmar, Nepal, Timor-Leste, Yemen, Kiribati,   Samoa, Solomon, Islands, Tuvalu
Vanuatu, Caribbean and Haiti are the third world countries in terms of development

Third world countries in terms of press freedom 
Below is the list of the countries which are known as black holes. These are countries where freedom of expression or any media activity is not seen. Tunisia, Maldives, Somalia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Zimbabwe, Saudi Arabia, Lao PDR, Uzbekistan, Iraq, Vietnam, China, Nepal, Cuba, Libya, Myanmar (Burma), Iran, Turkmenistan, Eritrea and North Korea are the third world countries in terms of press freedom.

Miscellaneous Information about KSA
  1. What does Heart line on your palm says about you?
  2. Transportation System in Saudi Arabia
  3. 8 Pakistani Villages which set an example for the Whole Country
  4. Proposal to Introduce Female Faces on Currency Notes
  5. 12 Things you really miss about KSA after final exit


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