Monday, September 21, 2015

Contribution of Muslims towards Science and Technology – Now and Then

For many centuries the Muslim world has had a positive influence on other communities. If we go back in history then we will find many names such as Abu Musa Jabir Ibn Hayyan who was a prominent Muslim engineer, astronomer, chemist, physician, pharmacist and also a geographer and philosopher. His work did not only impact the Muslim community but had spread all across the world at a time when enlightenment was in desperate need.

  1. Ibn Hayyan wrote around 3000 scripts, some of which were also translated in to the Latin language. For Chemistry he had set the standards for the method of experiments. He also discovered minerals and other acids, while also preparing new compounds through various chemical methods. Later classifications such as non metal, metal, volatile were all initiated by him.
  2. Another example which can be taken is Muhammad Ibn Battuta or the Prince of the Arab Travelers. Ibn Battuta was a Muslim Arab who has been recognized as one of the greatest travelers in history. It is estimated that over 30 years, Ibn Battuta had travelled across Africa, Asia right up till China and also Central Asia and the Middle East. His writings about these travels had been translated into Portuguese, French and English.
  3. Salahuddin Al Ayyoubi has also filled the pages of history books. He was the first Sultan of Syria and Egypt and also the patron in chief of the Ayyubid Dynasty. Salahuddin led the Muslim forces against Christian crusaders.
  4. Avicenna or Ibn Sina is also one such name which has been heard by many. Avicenna is cited as one of the most significant writers and thinkers in the Golden Age of Islam. In totality he wrote 450 books which included 40 only on medicine. His book Kitab Al Shifa of the book of healing was used as the standard text book at universities until 1650.
  5. A historian and a historiographer, Ibn Khaldun was one of the founding fathers of modern day economics, sociology, demography and historiography. He is cited as one of the greatest philosophers in the Middle Ages.
In coordination with the footsteps of the Muslims who have come before them, the youth of today are also working hard for social change as well as scientific innovations. The students at the universities in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia are extremely motivated and thus empowered to serve, learn as well as address to the needs of the community. Hosam Zowawi became an icon for his many contributions in the development of biotechnology. He has also led a remarkable research project about the Superbug Bacteria which is threatening the lives of many human beings all across the world, and is also considered a great threat to humanity itself as the virus surpasses all antibiotics. Hosam Zowawi is a Saudi National and is the first ever scientist belonging to the Middle East to have won the prestigious Young Laureates award. He had been selected amongst 5 young individuals from various countries. His entire project has been aimed towards developing tests which help detect those viruses or bacteria which are resistant to the anti-biotics.

Source: Saudi Gazette

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