The Israeli and Palestinian conflict is the constant struggle between Israelis and Palestinians. The struggle between the two nations has turned into controversial and brutal conflict in recent years. It has been stated as the most complicated conflict of the world. The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is all about the land that who gets what and how it’s defended. Today's borders basically reflect the result of two of these wars, one fought in 1948 and the other one in 1967. The Israeli–Palestinian conflict has the main role in the Arab–Israeli conflict. Although the two groups have belonged to different religions, the real trouble started as a fight over land at the end of World War I 1948. Earlier that period, the area was known as Palestine internationally. The disputed land is considered as a Holy land for Muslims, and Jews both. And they are seeing the land as legally theirs. That is why, although Israel reached general settlement with Egypt and Jordan, but in spite of a long term peace process with Palestinians, has been unsuccessful to reach final peace reconciliation. The most important question on which the fate of Palestinian people based now a day is whether the Palestinian people should ever have their own independent country and government in an area that is at present under the rule of Israel.
Subsequently after the war of 1948–1949, this land was divided into three pieces the State of Israel, the West Bank (of the Jordan River) and the Gaza Strip. Jewish claims this land on the ground of their religious thoughts. This was based on the biblical promise that the land was the historical place of the ancient Jewish empires of Israel and Judea. But on the other side of the story, Palestinian Arab claims that the land is based on their continuously living in the country for hundreds of years and the truth is that according to statistics, they represented the majority until 1948. After the World War 1, many conflicts and fights were reported between Jews and Arabs. The invasion of Jews in Palestinian land would eventually outcome in the shape of a Jewish state there. Clashes broke out between Arabs and Jews in 1920 and 1928. In 1929, the Betar Jewish youth movement which is a pre-state organization of the Zionists) established and raised their flag over the Western Wall. Arabs were alarmed that the holy place was not safe, they had attacked Jews in Jerusalem, Hebron and Safed resulted violence and killing on both sides.
Jewish from European countries immigrated to Palestine in greater number after Hitler come in to power in Germany. After World War II, Britain had brought the matter of Palestine to United Nations to determine its fate and future. UN investigated the situation through its representatives from different countries and come to the conclusion that it should be divided according to the satisfaction of Arabs and Jews. In 1947, the General Assembly of UNO voted to division of Palestine into two states, one Arab and the other Jewish. Publicly, the Jewish leadership accepted the UN partition plan but The Palestinian Arabs and the surrounding Arab states rejected because the land designated for the Jewish state would be to some extent larger than the Arab state. The Arab considered it as an international duplicity and unfair. So as a result an early plan to give both groups a part of the land failed badly.
This made the situation worse and intense. In 1948, when the fighting was started between Arab and the Jews, Israel occupied more areas which it ready to leave after peace settlement in 1949. As the military emergency and diplomatic failure and crisis continued between Arab countries and Israel risk of another war remained. In 1967, Israel attacked Egypt Jordan and Syria and destroy their military power within few hours. Israel had illegally occupied the West Bank from Jordan, the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt, and the Golan Heights from Syria in just 6 days. This established Israel as a superior military power over the Arabs and left Israel in control of two main areas of land where Palestinian are large in number. To defend the Palestinian cause, the Arab League established PLO. Palestinians militant power took over the PLO headed by Yasir Arafat. Another militant group Hamas raised in 2000s.
Initially, the Israel rejected to negotiate with PLO as it refused to acknowledge it as the representative party of Palestine. This inflexibility of Israeli government finished when it started secret negotiations with the PLO, for the 1993 Oslo Declaration of Principles. In 1987, rebellion or intifada was started by the Palestinian population in the West Bank and Gaza against the Israeli occupation. This was not started or supported by the PLO leadership in Tunis. Israel army tried to crush the intifada with force, power and killing even they broke the bones of protesters. From 1987 to 1991, over 1,000 Palestinians were killed brutally including over 200 under the age of 16 by the Israel armed forces. Many attempts have been made for resolving the conflict. The primary approach to solving the conflict today is a so-called two-state solution that would establish Palestine as an independent state alongside the State of Israel. . In 2007, the majority of both Israelis and Palestinians, according to surveys was giving preference to the two-state solution over any other solution and it is acceptable by both groups.
The official negotiations are arbitrated by an international group known as the foursome or the Quartet which was consists of the United States, Russia, the European Union, and the United Nations. In 2006 Hamas an Islamist fundamentalist party got victory in elections. The group of for Quartet put certain conditions for their future assistance such as non-violence, recognition of the State of Israel, and approval of previous agreements. Hamas simply just refused to accept their demands. as a result the Quartet suspend the A year later, following Hamas's hold power in the Gaza Strip in June 2007, the land officially accepted as the State of Palestine. Hamas got the financial and political support of Iran. The tension between Israel and Hamas, rise until late 2008, when Israel started the Gaza War. Then many states mediated and because of international intervention a cease-fire was signed between the parties, though small and periodic violence still continued.
In 2014, Hamas and Fatah reconciled and formed Unity Palestinian government for the first time. The peace negotiations fell apart, and in the mid of 2014, the conflict turned into to a full-on war between Israel and Hamas. The U.N. report stated that Israel’s military strategy, air strikes and bombardment killed citizens in Gaza. Overall, the clash killed minimum 2,100 Palestinians, and only six Israeli civilians. There is no sign of any peace agreement between Palestine and Israel. In 2014 United states President Obama told the Newspaper that he expected the chances of a successful finish to negotiations would be below 50–50. At present Israeli forces regularly take possession of private land; detain individuals and also children without due process of law and physically ill-treated them under confinement. It bulldozes homes and crops. Place curfew in the entire towns. Israel armed forces destroy shops and businesses; and Palestinians have no authority or power to end it. There seems to be no international community or Arab league to stop Israel.
Israel – Gaza
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