HPV or Human Pappilloma virus is a very common infection amongst those people who are active sexually. There are several various types of HPV. Some of these types can cause serious health problems such as genital cancer and warts. The good news is that there are several vaccines which can prevent these from happening. It is therefore extremely important for women as well as men to know about this infection, as women have a higher chance of getting infected rather than men. This is in accordance to Dr. Anita Kant who is the director of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the Asian Institute of Medical Sciences in Faridabad, India. Here are a few important questions about HPV;
- How does it spread? In accordance to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, you can get the HPV by indulging in any form of coitus with somebody who also has the virus. The HPV virus can also be spread if the infected person is not showing any symptoms or any signs. Anybody who has an active sexual life can get HPV, even if it is only with 1 person. Symptoms can also appear years after being infected, which makes it extremely hard to figure out the infection.
- Does HPV cause health problems? In majority of the cases, HPV also goes away on its own and does not create any major health problems, however if and when it does not go away it can cause cancer or genital warts. Initially the Genital warts appear as a sort of small bump or a group of small bumps near the genital area. HPV can cause anus, penis, vagina, vulva or cervical cancer. I can also cause cancer of the tonsils, tongue and the throat. The cancer takes several years or decades to develop after the individual gets infected by HPV. It should be noted that the type of HPV which causes warts, are not the same as the type of HPV which can cause cancer. There is no absolute or definite way of knowing whether the person has HPV, or how long it will take to develop into cancer or other health issues.
- Symptoms of HPV in your Body: HPV has silent symptoms mostly, which may show after the examination. Health problems can also include small bumps, genital warts and protrusions.
- Is HPV Infection treatable? Yes there are several vaccines which are available for young boys and girls which they should definitely use. There are also catch up vaccines for men in case they have not been vaccinated when they were younger. The vaccine has also been recommended for their women and men with compromised immune systems. There are however several things which you can do in order to minimize your chances of getting HPV. This includes the use of latex condoms. For the women it is recommended that they have routine screenings for cervical cancer between the ages of 21 to 65 in order to prevent cancer and catch on to any cancer in its earliest stages.
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