Kaaba is the Qibla of all Muslims. Kaaba is cited in the Quran and stated by the Prophet. The Messenger of Allah said narrating about the Miraaj “Then Al-Bait-al-Ma'mur was shown to me. I asked Gabriel, he said, this is Al Bait-ul-Ma'mur (house of Allah) where 70,000 angels perform prayers every day and when they leave they never come back to it but always a fresh group comes into it.” For Muslims across the globe, Kaaba is the most beautiful place on earth. This sacred place is located in center of the Masjid Al Haraam in Makkah. All Muslims from all over the world come here to perform Hajj. Whenever Muslims pray, no matter wherever they are, they turn themselves towards the Kaaba. Here is everything to know about the most Holy place in the world. Each numbered detail in the following list relates to features noted in the above image.
- The black stone: The black stone affixed in the wall of Kaaba is called Al-Hajar al-Aswad. It is one of the corner stones on the eastern corner of Kaaba. It was fixed in one piece into the wall of Kaaba by Prophet Muhammad S.A.W, in the year 605 A.D. Since then it has been broken into a number of fragments. Now it is cemented into a silver ring frame in the side of the Kaaba by sticking together 3 large pieces and numerous small fragments. Apparently it is a fragmented dark rock of black and reddish color. Muslim pilgrims try to kiss it as it is a Sunnah. Tawaf starting and ending point is Hajar al- Aswad. It is the stone which was brought from Jannah. Hajar al-Aswad was white in color when came down from Paradise, but the sins in the world turned it black. Recommended: The Importance, History and Unknown Facts about Hajre Aswad (The Black Stone)
- The door of Kaaba: A golden door is at the right wall of Kaaba 7 feet above the ground. It is called the Bab-e-Taubah which means Door of Repentance. The door is covered with a curtain. It is the entrance door of Kaaba on the north-eastern wall, the principal front of Kaaba. The door of Kaaba was made of silver in 1942 but later on it is replaced with 300 kg gold door made by chief architect Ahmad bin Ibrahim Badr In 1979. There is a staircase made of wood. The staircase has wheels and it is used to enter Kaaba. It is usually stored in the mosque between the arch-shaped door of Banu Shaybah and the Zamzam well.
- Meezab-al-Rahmah: Meezab-al-Rahmah is a rainwater spout between Rukn Iraqi and Rukn Shami. It is made of gold. It is included in the sketch of Kaaba while rebuilding in 1627 because the rain in1626 caused three of the four walls collapse. It is the water spout of the Kaaba extended from the roof into the Hateem. In 1627 Gutter is also added to protect the foundation and base from underground water. Recommended: 6 Lesser Known facts about Meezab-al-Rahmah of Kaaba
- Al-Shadhrawan: It is the lower part of the walls of Kaaba. It is the white marble in which the brown marble pieces inserted having the Mubarak teaching how to do Wudhu and the Prayer. Al-Shadhrawan is the remaining part at the foundation of the wall of Kaaba.
- Hijr Ismail (Al Hateem): Hateem is a low wall initially part of the Kaaba. It is a semi-circular or a half circle shaped wall. It is opposite to the north-west wall of Kaaba but does not attach it. This is known as the hateem. It is the holy place to ask for forgiveness. It is said in other traditions that it is the place where Adam (as) was forgiven by Allah for his sins. It is very difficult to find place to perform 2 raka’a salah here. Recommended: 7 unknown facts you should know about Hijr (Hateem) in Makkah
- Al-Multazam: Al-Multazam is the approximately a two meter area along the wall between the Hajr aswad and the Kaaba’s entry door. It is sometimes considered holy or desirable for pilgrims to touch Al-Multazam of the Kaaba, and confess their sins here and perform dua for forgiveness. This place is of a very high spiritual importance. Recommended: 7 Facts You Should Know About the Multazam of Kaaba
- The Maqam-e-Ibrahim: The station of Ibrahim is also known as maqam-e-Ibrahim located near Kaaba. It is a large stone on which Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) stood while he was constructing the upper walls of Kaaba. It is a stone sent from the heavens by Allah. It used to move up and down according to the instructions of Prophet Ibrahim A.S. Fresh and visible foot prints of Hazrat Ibrahim A.S. are an amazing miracle of this stone even after hundreds of years. Recommended: 9 Unknown Facts about Maqam-e-Ibrahim in Masjid al Haram
- The black stone corner: It is the eastern side of Kaaba. It is the corner where Hajr al awad was fixed in the wall of Kaaba. It is opposite to the rukn al Junubi and comes after it.
- Rukn al Yamani: It is South-West corner of Kaaba. It is named al-Rukn al-Yamaani because it faces the country side of Yemen.This is opposite and parallel to the Black Stone corner. Rukne Yamani is the crack in theKaaba where Ali was born.Regarding the virtue of touching this Corner, it is said that Touching the Black Stone and the Yemeni Corner indeed wipe out one’s sins.It is Also called as Rukn al-Junubi. The Black Stone corner comes after it.
- The Syrian corner: It is also called as Rukn-al0Gharbi or rukn al shami. The Syrian corner of Kaaba comes after Hateem.
- The Iraqi corner: This is the corner that comes after the Kaaba's door before one reaches Hijr Ismail. This corner is named as such since it faces towards Iraq south east.
- The Kiswah: The Holy Kaaba was covered by a cloth called as Kiswah. It changes every year on 9th DhulHijjah. After removing this cover, it is being cut into small pieces and gifted to the foreign Muslim dignitaries and governments. The current cost of making Kiswah is approximately 17 million Saudi Riyals or 4.6 million US dollar. The cover is 658sq. meters long. It is made of 670 kg of pure silk. Almost 120kgs of pure gold and silver thread is used to do embroidery. There are 99 names of Allah, kalima and the Verses of the Holy Quran in embroidery. The kiswah is covered around the Kaaba and fixed to its corners with copper rings. Recommended: Blessings
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- The brown marble line: The brown Marble strip is the marking line of the beginning and end of each circumambulation.
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