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Thursday, April 6, 2017

Why are 11 days missing in the calendar of September 1752?

Here is something which most people would not know. It is truly a historical fact and you can certainly impress others by knowing this simple yet extraordinary fact. For those of you for whom it is possible, turn on over to the calendar for September of 1752. Though most people would not have a calendar from 1752 lying around somewhere in their home, they can simply go to www.google.com and search September 1752. What you will see, will most probably surprise you, and trust me you are not prepared for it.



You will probably immediately notice that there are 11 days missing straight away from the month. Though it may seem strange at first, there is surely an explanation for the oddity that you have just witnessed. The explanation to this oddity is that this was the official year that England shifted its calendar from the Roman Julian Calendar to the Gregorian calendar. The earlier version of the calendar i.e. Roman Julian Calendar was in fact 11 days longer than the Gregorian Calendar. Since this was a major issue in consolidating the two calendars, the King of England at the time, King George II, ordered that 11 days be completely removed from the month of September in 1752.



As a direct consequence of the order of the King of England at the time, all the workers, worked for a month which had 11 days removed from it, however when the end of the month came, all the workers were paid in accordance to their usual monthly salary. This move was what originally created the idea of paid leave. Long Live the King!! (Now you know who to thank for the paid leave)



In accordance to the Roman Julian Calendar, the month of April used to be the first month of the calendar. Even after the world shifted from the Roman Julian Calendar to the Gregorian calendar, several people refused to abandon the older traditions and continued to have the New Year’s festivities and celebrations on the 1st of April. Things got so out of hand that the King had to give an official order stopping people from celebrating the New Year on the first of April and instead of doing so in January. However, orders from the King also did not stop people from celebrating the New Year on the first of April.



As a result, the King thought of taking further action, hence he issued a statement that all of those individuals, who had been involved in celebrating the first of April as the first day of the New Year, would be simply labeled as a fool for doing so. Well, you might have guessed it by now, if you haven’t, this is the exact moment in history that the 1st of April became the April fool’s day. Growing up we might have heard numerous story about the foundation of the April fool’s day, however now we know.  History is truly an interesting thing.



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